A Historicist look at DANIEL
Chapter 10 & 11
In chapter ten we are shown a picture of the spiritual realm. In the physical, we have kings, princes, and rulers; in the spiritual realm, there are spirit beings, both good and bad, who compete for control over the doings of men. The identity of the being giving Daniel the vision and understanding for what was to befall his people is controversial, at the very least. We will refer to him as The Shiny Dude.
The Shiny Dude explains that he has been on the road for 21 days to bring Daniel his answer but was hindered by the prince of the kingdom of Persia. Now as The Shiny Dude is obviously not a physical human being it is doubtful that a physical human being could have hindered him much. Therefore, the prince of Persia is also of the spiritual realm. He further explains that Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help him and was in fact left to detain the prince of Persia.
Daniel is told that Michael is his prince. In chapter 12, Michael is said to have charge over Daniel’s people. Here is a picture of an entire hierarchy of spirit beings who influence, rule, and contend for the nations of the world.
This is the only vision where Daniel actually says that he understands the vision. [Dan 10:1] This is interesting, for this is the only vision where there is clear affirmation as to who the actual historical layers are.
In this section, scripture and history have been run side by side to better realize the fulfillment of each detail in the prophecy.
V 2 “And now I will show you the truth. Behold, three more kings, shall arise in Persia;”
After Darius I, came
Persian Court of Xerxes
1 – Xerxes I (486-465 BC)
2 – Artaxerxes I (465-424 BC)
3 – Xerxes II (424-423 BC)
“and a fourth shall be far richer than all of them; and when he has become strong through his riches, he shall stir up all of them; against the kingdom of Greece.”
4 – Darius II 9423-404 BC
V 3 “And a mighty king shall arise, who shall rule with great dominion and do according to his will”.
Alexander the Great (365 – 323 BC)
V 4 “And when he has arisen, his kingdom shall be broken and divided toward the four winds of heaven,”
The four generals of Alexander:
1 – Ptolemy in Egypt to the south (323-285 BC)
2 – Lysimachus in Thrace to the west
3 – Antigonus Monophthalmus in Phrygia to the north
4 – Seleucus I Nicator in Antioch to the east
“but not to his posterity, nor according to the dominion with which he ruled; for his kingdom shall be plucked up and go to others besides these.”
Alexander IV is the son of Alexander the Great, his posterity, who did not inherit the kingdom. The kingdom was divided among his four generals.
V 5 “Then the king of the south shall be strong.”
Ptolemy I (323 – 287 BC)
“but one of his princes shall be stronger than he and his dominion shall be a great dominion.”
Ptolemy II (285 – 246 BC)
V 6 “After some years they shall make an alliance,”
Antiochus II and Ptolemy II made an alliance (265 BC)
“and the daughter of the king of the south shall come to the king of the north to make peace; but she shall not retain the strength of her arm, and he and his offspring shall not endure; but she shall be given up, and her attendants, her child, and he who got possession of her.”
The daughter of Ptolemy I, Berenice married Antiochus II to make peace (252 BC) Antiochus, Berenice and their offspring did not survive.
V 7 “In those times a branch from her roots shall arise in his place;”
Ptolemy III, Berenice’s brother (246-221 BC), son of Ptolemy II and Arsinoe II who was the daughter of Ptolemy I, arose in Antiochus II’s place.
he shall come against the army and enter the fortress of the king of the north, and he shall deal “with them and shall prevail.”
Ptolemy III went up against the fortress of Seleucus II (246-226 BC) He dealt with the Laodice’s party and won.
V 8 “He shall also carry off to Egypt their gods with their molten images and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and for some years he shall refrain from attacking the king of the north.”
Ptolemy III refrained from attacking Seleucus II (246 – 241 BC)
V 9 “Then the latter shall come into the realm of the king of the south but shall return into his own land”.
Seleucus II came into the realm of Ptolemy III but returned to Syria (240 BC)
V 10 “His sons shall wage war and assemble a multitude of great forces, which shall come on and overflow and pass through, and again shall carry the war as far as his fortress.
V 11 “Then the king of the south, moved with anger, shall come out and fight with the king of the north”;
“Seleucus II’s sons Seleucus III (226-223 BC) and Antiochus III, also the Great (223-187 BC) assembled a great force and Antiochus III waged war as far as Ptolemy IV’s (221-205 BC) fortress, when Ptolemy IV came out to fight Antiochus III near Gaza.
“and he shall raise a great multitude, but it shall be given into his hand.
V 12 “And when the multitude is taken, his heart shall be exalted, and he shall cast down tens of thousands but he shall not prevail.”
Ptolemy IV defeated Antiochus III at Raphia (217 BC) but failed to follow up with any more action.
V 13 “For the king of the north shall again raise a multitude, greater than the former; and after some years he shall come on with a great army and abundant supplies.”
Antiochus III rose again (202 BC)
V 14 “In those times many shall rise against the king of the south; and the men of violence among your own people shall lift themselves up in order to fulfill the vision; but they shall fail.”
Jewish uprising (201 BC) against Ptolemy V (205-181 BC)
V 15 “Then the king of the north shall come and throw up siege works, and take a well- fortified city. And the forces of the south shall not stand, or even his picked troops, for there shall be no strength to stand.”
Antiochus III took and stood at Panion (200 BC) against Ptolemy V and prevailed. Ptolemy’s General Scopas wasted Jerusalem.
V 16 “But he who comes against him shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him; and he shall stand in the glorious land, and all of it shall be in his power.”
V 17 “He shall set his face to come with the strength of his whole kingdom, and he shall bring terms of peace and perform them. He shall give him the daughter of women to destroy the kingdom; but it shall not stand or be to his advantage.”
Antiochus III demands his term for peace and Ptolemy V, his daughter Cleopatra, “the daughter of women” to destroy the kingdom. (c. 193-195 BC)
This was not to his advantage as Ptolemy V allied himself with Rome and Cleopatra turned against her father.
V 18 “Afterward he shall turn his face to the coast lands, and shall take many of them; but a commander shall put an end to his insolence; indeed he shall turn his insolence back upon him.”
Antiochus III turned Ptolemy V back at Magnesia and Sipylum. (190-189 BC)
V 19 “Then he shall turn his face back toward the fortresses of his own land; but he shall stumble and fall, and shall not be found.”
Antiochus III turned back toward his own land but fell at Elymais (187 BC)
V 20 “Then shall arise in his place one who shall send an exactor of tribute through the glory of the kingdom; but within a few days he shall be broken, neither in anger nor in battle.”
The reign of Seleucus IV (187-185 BC)
V 21 “In his place shall arise a contemptible person to whom royal majesty has not been given; he shall come in without warning and obtain the kingdom by flatteries.”
Heliodorus (175 BC) who robs the temple and is later assassinated.
V 22 “Armies shall be utterly swept away before him and broken, and the prince of the covenant also.”
In Heliodorus’s place comes Antiochus IV. (175-163 BC)
The prince of the covenant is Joshua and later Jason. Antiochus IV establishes Onius Menelaus as High Priest (Josephus Antiquities XII:V:1)
V 23 “And from the time that an alliance is made with him he shall act deceitfully; and he shall become strong with a small people.”
This is Antiochus IV who is deceitful
V 24 “Without warning he shall come into the richest parts of the province; and he shall do what neither his fathers nor his fathers’ fathers have done, scattering among them plunder, spoil, and goods. He shall devise plans against strongholds, but only for a time.”
V 25 “And he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south shall wage war with an exceedingly great and mighty army; but he shall not stand, for plots shall be devised against him.”
Antiochus IV goes up against Ptolemy VI (c 170 BC)
V 26 “Even those who eat his rich food shall be his undoing; his army shall be swept away, and many shall fall down slain.”
V 27 “And as for the two kings, their minds shall be bent on mischief; they shall speak lies at the same table, but to no avail; for the end is yet to be at the time appointed.”
Two kings Ptolemy VI and Antiochus IV
V 28 “And he shall return to his land with great substance, but his heart shall be set against the holy covenant. And he shall work his will, and return to his own land”
Antiochus IV returns to his land. (168 BC)
V 29 “At the time appointed he shall return and come into the south; but it shall not be this time as it was before”.
Egypt (168 BC)
V 30 “For ships of Kittem shall come against him, and he shall be afraid and withdraw, and shall turn back and be enraged and take action against the holy covenant. He shall turn back and give heed to those who forsake the holy covenant.”
V 31 “Forces from him shall appear and profane the temple and fortress, and shall take away the continual burnt offering. And they shall set up the abomination that makes desolate.”
Forces led by Lysias set up a statue of Zeus and a continual daily offering of swine on the alter. (25 Kislev 168 BC).
V 32 “He shall seduce with flattery those who violate the covenant; but the people who know their God shall stand firm and take action”.
Lysias seduced with flattery but the Maccabees stood firm against him. Judas Maccabees was victorious.
V 33 “And those among the people who are wise shall make many understand, though they shall fall by sword and flame, by captivity and plunder, for some days.”
V 34 “When they fall, they shall receive a little help. And many shall join themselves to them with flattery”,
V 35 “and some of those who are wise shall fall, to refine and to cleanse them and to make them white, until the time of the end, for it is yet for the time appointed.”
V 36 “And the king shall do according to his will; he shall exalt himself and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak astonishing things against the God of gods. He shall prosper till the indignation is accomplished; for what is determined shall be done.”
Enter Gaius Julius Caesar (c. 101-44 BC)
V 37 “He shall give no heed to the gods of his fathers, or to the one beloved by women (Tammuz); he shall not give heed to any other god, for he shall magnify himself above all.”
V 38 “He shall honor the god of fortresses instead of these; a god whom his fathers did not know he shall honor with gold and silver, with precious stones and costly gifts”.
That is to say, he worshipped his own strength and military might
V 39 “He shall deal with the strongest fortresses by the help of a foreign god; those who acknowledge him he shall magnify with honor. He shall make them rulers over many and shall divide the land for a price.”
V 40 “At the time of the end (meaning the end of the Jewish age) the king of the south shall attack him; but the king of the north shall rush upon him like a whirlwind, with chariots and horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall come into countries and shall overflow and pass through.”
Ptolemy attacked from the south but Julius Caesar rushed in like a whirlwind (c. 48 BC)
V 41 “He shall come into the glorious land. And tens of thousands shall fall, but these shall be delivered out of his hand: Edom and Moab and the main part of the Ammonites.”
V 42 “He shall stretch out his hand against the countries, and the land of Egypt shall not escape.
V 43 “He shall become ruler of the treasures of gold and of silver and all the precious things of
Egypt; and the Libyans and the Ethiopians (“Ethiopia” is a mistranslation it should be Cushiym) shall follow in his train.”
The Libyans and the Cushites or Sudanese follow in Caesar’s wake.
V 44 “But tidings from the east and the north shall alarm him, and he shall go forth with great fury to exterminate and utterly destroy many”.
The defeat of Crassus by the Parthians alarm Caesar (53 BC)
V 45 “And he shall pitch his palatial tents between the sea and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, with none to help him”.
“Et tu Brute?” The death of Julius Caesar. (March 15, 44 BC) Beware the ides of March.
DANIEL CHAPTER 12
“At that time Michael shall stand up”
At that time is a reference to the previous events of chapter eleven, placing that time generally in the first century BC and under the rule of Julius Caesar. Michael the Archangel is the prince and protector of Israel. Michael is coming onto this scene, to intercede for the Messiah and those who are written in the Book of Life (See Daniel 10:13,20 description of Michael and the princes of Persia and Greece).
Distress, never seen before Here is the time of judgment upon the Jews for rejecting their Messiah. With the destruction of Jerusalem, the Temple, and the scattering of Jews among the nations [70AD] the time of Jacob’s trouble commences [Jer 30:7] and will undoubtedly continue until they repent and take as their own the Messiah.
(See Appendix for a description of the incredible distress in Jerusalem as told through the eyewitness account of Josephus)
Only the people who are written in the Book of Life, the believers in Messiah, were to be delivered from the hand of the judgment meted out by the Roman General Titus. Those who lived in Israel at the time escaped to Pella (across the Jordan River) to avoid the destruction of Jerusalem and the surrounding area, and the general extermination of Jews. Those who were believers understood Jesus Christ’s warning that they should flee when they saw the armies encompassing Jerusalem. [Luke 21:20-22]
As an encouragement to the believers there is, a glimpse forward given in the vision of the resurrection at the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. This is a hopeful reminder of our final deliverance. Wise are the believers who turn many to righteousness, bringing in the harvest. [Mt 9:37-38; Mk 4:29; Lk 9:2; John 4:35] They shall shine like the firmament, which is so bright that you cannot see the stars in the daytime. However, there is included the warning, others will also arise at the Second Coming who will not partake in the Messiah’s deliverance but live in everlasting contempt. [Rev 20:11-15; see also Matt 13:24-43, Rom 11:17-24: Is 5; Jer 11]
Seal the Scroll until the time of the end
The Apostles knew they were in the end of times and what scholars call the Mosaic economy. [1 Pet 1:20; 1 John 2:18] It is not until The Revelation that the Lamb is seen breaking open this same seal and John is given the understanding for the rest of the prophecy. [Rev 5:5] It is well to note that Daniel was told that understanding was not for him but for the wise for whom the prophecy would be unsealed.
The wicked will not understand! It is important to know where your prophetic interpretation originates. An organization that invented such wickedness as the Inquisition, with its racks and iron maidens, should not be looked to for doctrinal truth. Wickedness can only beget wickedness. This is exactly where the Futurist’s interpretation of prophecy originated, from the Jesuit Priest Ribera. Therefore, any of its doctrines should be suspect. Test all doctrine against scripture. [Acts 17:11; I Jn 4:1-6]
Two others stood on the riverbank
Two witnesses (Jews and Gentiles) were on the banks of the stream, one on each side. The Shiny Dude is above the stream and takes an oath as to the length of time that the Holy people’s power shall be shattered. He says it will last for a time, 2 times and a half time or until 1260 years. The continual burnt offering is taken away and the abomination that makes desolate is set up for 1290 years thus adding 30 years.Additionally there is a blessing given for those who last until 1335 years, another addition of 45 years.
When the shattering of the power (or strength) of the holy people is ended;this is the hope of God’s people, that there will come an end to the hindrance of the Twin Apostate Powers (the Roman Church and Islam). They have persecuted, deceived, and trampled Gods people with their falsehoods and their duplicity. All this is coming to an end, as their power, day by day, dries up. Christ will overcome, and His people will shine in the everlasting light of freedom, truth, and righteousness.
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